Tuesday, September 16, 2014

519 Burnell - Thelmo Manisons

Thelmo Manisons, 519 Burnell
Place: Thelmo Mansions
Address: 519 Burnell Street
Architect: Thorstein Oddson
Contractor: Thorstein Oddson
Cost: $236,000
Opened: September 1914

Top: Heimskringla June 7, 1906
Bottom: The Voice, July 3, 1914

Thelmo Mansions was designed and developed by Thorsteinn Oddson. He was an Icelandic immigrant, a carpenter by trade, who was responsible for most of the the residential developments on and around Burnell Street from Portage to Ellice Avenues.

St. Paul
Oddson's "triplets" on St. Paul Avenue

Oddson's specialty was small blocks or terraced housing with small living spaces. His portfolio already included Claremont Court, a development of small attached cottages near Ellice, (now demolished), and the 'triplets' Komoka, Kelona and Kolbrun on St. Paul Ave, all filled with 550 sq. ft. units. 

It was so important for him to get the most out of small spaces that he traveled to Seattle in April 1914 to meet a Mr. Holmes who had invented a new style of 'invisible bed', (a variation on the Murphy bed), for inclusion in his new blocks.

Top: April 13, 1914, Winnipeg Tribune
Bottom: September 11, 1914, Winnipeg Free Press

Construction began in early April 1914. Despite this being Oddson's largest project by far, work appears to have gone smoothly. It was advertizing its suite by early September and tenants began moving in soon after. 

Thelmo Mansions contained 78 suites, ranging from two to five rooms. It was one of the biggest, one newspaper story claimed it was THE biggest, apartment block built in the city to that point.

Some of the first tenants were families that had to downsize due to the war. It appears that more than a dozen servicemen had connections to the building.

J.W. Nixon (source)

John William Nixon lived at unit 32 with his wife Kathleen when he enlisted in February 1916. He was killed on the front lines in France the following May.

James E. Tait (source)

James Edward Tait lived at suite 19, then 42, with his brother and wife Jesse when he enlisted in February 1916. He becme one of the city's most decorated soldiers, receiving the Military Cross and Victoria Cross. He was killed in action on August 11, 1918. Brother Richard returned home alive. (Read my extended post about Tait here.)

James Stephenson Fleming lived with his parents at Thelmo Mansions before going to school at University of Toronto to be a mining engineer. He was working his first job out of school near Timmins, Ontario when he enlisted. He was killed April 11, 1916.

Private John Scott of the 8th Battalion, Canadian Infantry was killed on May 19, 1915. He was 22 years old and left behind his parents at suite 19 Thelmo Mansions.

David F. Hamilton was wounded and missing for weeks before finally being reported as killed in action. He worked at Vulcan Iron Works and lived at suite 37 with his parents.

Returning Soldiers, CPR Station 1919
Soldiers returning from war

It wasn't all sad news as many soldiers returned to Thelmo Mansions.

Harry Jarvis was reported as missing in action in September 1915 but survived to return to his wife Josephine in suite 67. Cavalryman Claude Cannon returned to his parents at suite 72. An injured M. G. Patterson came home to his wife in December 1915 with a paralyzed left leg. Reginald Hawkins also appears to have survived.

T. M. Sutherland was the son of Reverend T. M. Sutherland who was living at Thelmo Mansions while working in Winnipeg. His son left Sioux City, Iowa for Manitoba to work on a farm and eventually enlisted at the age of 16. While at Camp Bramshott in England, T. M. suffered major burns to his face and hands. After months of convalescing, he was returned to Winnipeg to live with his father.

Private Harry Lethbridge of the 8th Battalion was reported wounded and taken prisoner at Paderborn in July 1915. He spent six months in captivity in Germany before returning to Canada to recover. In April 1917 he married his girlfriend Annie Farr in a ceremony in suite 14. The couple spent the remainder of the war there.

October 6, 1917, Winnipeg Tribune

A financial casualty of the war was Thorstein Oddson. Winnipeg had been in a recession prior to its outbreak and the uncertainty of the war just made things worse. Thelmo Mansions was auctioned off on October 27th, 1917. (It appears that that First National Investment Co. in the Somerset Block on Portage Avenue bought it.)

Gairdner Funeral Home ca. 1918 (source)

No sooner had the war ended when another, related trouble came to Thelmo Mansions. Spanish Influenza was sweeping the world, brought back from the front by soldiers. In the end, it killed more people than the war did with estimates in the millions.

The flu arrived in Manitoba in October 1918. A Free Press article of November 21, 1918 notes that Thelmo Mansions was one of the worst effected places in the city with almost every one of the 78 units under quarantine. Officials blamed overcrowding in small suites.

Spanish Flu - Winnipeg

The following day, Thelmo's caretaker called the paper to refute these claims, saying that only a handful of suites were under quarantine. An investigation found that the health nurses had, indeed, over-exaggerated the situation. There were just seven suites under quarantine and one death, an infant who was already ill with measles. (More on the Thelmo Mansions influenza situation can be found in Jones.)

The flu situation didn't scare off Bill Pulham. He and wife Margaret moved in during this time and stayed until 1940. You can see a history of the Pulhams here.

April 17, 1937, Winnipeg Tribune

The building was put up for sale again in 1937, there is no indication of who the new owner was. In 1938 permits were taken out for $1,000 in renovations, (about $15,000 in today's dollars.) The contractor was N. Popeski.

Empty Stocking fund ad, December 16, 1932

The Depression appears to have brought out the best of people at Thelmo Mansions. 

In December 1932 a group of eight children from the building put on a show in the building's basement to raise money for the Winnipeg Tribune's Empty Stocking Fund. They collected $14 for the cause.

Above: January 5, 1946, The War Cry
Below: May 9, 1936, Winnipeg Free Press

One resident that certainly needs mention is Eva Leadbetter of suite 27. At the beginning of the Depression the Salvation Army Adjutant created the Helping Hand League which collected donations of fabric, wool to make into quilts and clothing for poor families, especially single women with children. For a few years the headquarters for the organization was her apartment !

A volunteer base of up to 70 women and a dozen sewing machines produced and repaired thousands of items of clothing from this space that Leadbetter distributed on her bicycle. The League lasted into World War II but by that time had moved to larger premises. For more on Leadbetter and her helping Hand League check out this expanded post !)

November 13, 1942, Winnipeg Tribune

Eva ran summer camps for children and worked on the streets of the North End, sometimes staying over with families to take care of the sick or tend to neglected children. 

In May 1942 the Winnipeg Tribune tells the story of Leadbetter walking into the Simonite Real Estate Agency with $200 that she saved from her Salvation Army stipend. She was seeking a home for an evicted family with eight children and wanted the agency to help find them a home. She offered to pay an additional $10 a month until the balance was paid off.

519 Burnell Street, Winnipeg
Where Barnett was nabbed then and now !

In February 1940 Thelmo Mansions had a chilling visit from John Barnett. He was one of three men involved in a botched downtown robbery that ended in the death of police Constable John McDonald. The group, whose ringleader was the infamous Mike "The Horse" Attamanchuk, fled the scene.

Police caught up with Barnett at Furby and Ellice and shot him in the ankle. He still led them on a 15-minute foot chase through the West End and into Thelmo Mansions. Police searched the building only to find his cap, jacket and some blood in the laundry room. He had escaped through a back door but was nabbed in the back lane.

September 14, 1943, Winnipeg Tribune

Another war meant another casualty. Private William G. Monk (above) of suite 35 was killed in 1943 and is buried in Germany.


A number of others served but survived, including Captain W. J. Thomson (above), Training Officer Arthur Perceval, Sgt. Wallace A Swanson of suite 24, Eric Sinclair of suite 40 and Sgt. Stanley J. Child of suite 72 (see below).


Private Arthur Roland Quinn's parents lived at 43 Thelmo Mansions. He was listed as injured in action in December 1943 and in January 1944 was listed as having died from wounds. Thankfully, it was an error and Quinn did survive.

Another Thelmo Mansion resident, suite 50, was Trans-Canada Airlines pilot Andrew Madore. During the war, he established RCAF flight training schools at Prince Albert, Fort William and Virden, the latter considered the top of its kind in Canada. Madore, also a flight instructor, flew 7,047 hours with new recruits without a single incident. He was awarded the Air Force Cross by the Governor General in December 1942.

February 14, 1946, Winnipeg Free Press

It was a sweet reunion for the Stanley Child family on Valentine's Day 1946. His war bride and daughter Geraldine arrived from England at the C.P.R. station. The family initially settled into suite 72.

November 27, 1944, Winnipeg Free Press

Through to the 1970s the block had a fairly uneventful existence with no major crimes or fires noted in the newspapers. There were the usual dozens, if not hundreds of funeral and birth notices for residents. Many newlywed couples started out their married lives at Thelmo Mansions, there were even a few weddings held there ! 

In the 1930s the Gislasons, who ran the Delphi Tea Room on Portage Avenue, lived here. Above, Mr and Mrs. Fuinnur Johnson celebrated their 50th wedding anniversary in November 1944.

519 Burnell Street, Winnipeg
519 Burnell Street, Winnipeg

Over time, the condition of the building and quality of tenants declined. Its quiet existence came to an end in 1987 when Hazel Toye (60) was found dead in her suite. The following year a fellow tenant was charged with her murder. In 2004 another tenant, Stephanie Ann Buboire (30), was stabbed to death in what the Free Press referred to as a "rundown apartment building."

Later that year Thelmo Mansions stopped advertising suites for rent. In 2006 the building,owned by a numbered company headed by controversial developer Ray Rybachuk, was cited for a number of fire code violations and shut down.

It made the news in 2007 when a giant pile of garbage appeared in its parking lot which the city ordered cleaned up.

Thelmo Manisons, 519 Burnell
ca. Spring 2011

In 2009 a long, slow renovation project was underway, which included a bizarre reparging of the brickwork. The repair work appeared to get bogged down and in 2010 the vacant building suffered a $20,000 fire.

Nov 21 2011 519 Burnell
519 Burnell Street

In 2010 Hudson Bay Traders Inc. purchased the block and resumed what was reported to be a $3 million renovation. In December 2013 the building's 78 suites reopened to new tenants.

My Flickr album of Thelmo Mansions
Read the comments section at my original Thelmo post in 2011
In 2012 two U of W students did an oral history project about the block
More about Thorsteinn Oddson's West End

Some miscellaneous images from Thelmo Mansion's history:

 519 Burnell Street, Winnipeg

October 1931 ad

1963 ad

February 1940 (Barnett manhunt)

519 Burnell Street,  Winnipeg
ca. 2008

Thelmo Mansions
 ca. 2011

Thelmo Manisons, 519 Burnell
ca. 2014

Renovations ca. Feb. 2012 (courtesy V. King)

"Invisible bed" hideaway ca. Feb. 2012 (courtesy V. King)

Mural in plaster found during renovations ca. Feb 2012 (courtesy V. King)

510 Main Street - City Clock

Winnipeg City Hall

Place: Winnipeg City Clock
Location: Administration Building, 510 Main Street
Cost: Unknown
Unveiled: September 16, 1974

"Gingerbread" City Hall (source)

When Winnipeg's "Gingerbread" City Hall was built in 1896, the design called for a large, four-faced clock in its tower. Due to budget issues, though, it did not materialize until 1903. The timepiece served the city, with just the odd interruption in service, until the building was demolished in 1961.

The clock's faces and works were put into storage with the intention that they may be used in a future project, perhaps even the new city hall. That was not to be and it wasn't until 1987 that parts it were unveiled in Edmonton Court in Portage Place. (Read more about the city's 1903 city clock.)

Studying the model, ca. 1959 (source)

When the design for the new civic centre complex was finally chosen in 1959, there was no provision for a clock at all. The building was constructed between 1962 - 1965.

September 17, 1974, Winnipeg Free Press

In September 1974, Molson Companies Ltd. held a large executive gathering and board meeting in Winnipeg. At the time, Molson's consisted of ten companies, four of which were headquartered in the city, (Molson’s Brewery Manitoba Ltd, Beaver Lumber, Willson’s Stationers and  Seaway-Midwest Ltd.)

That was also the year of Winnipeg's centennial celebrations, so Molson's decided to bring along a gift for all Winnipeggers: a new city clock.

On September 17, 1974 Molson's held its board meeting in the council chambers, during which they presented the timepiece to Mayor Stephen Juba. Everyone then went outside to watch the curtains drop and the release of hundreds of balloons.

Winnipeg Civic Centre from above

In late 2009 the clock's internal mechanism failed and time stood still ! It was removed in February 2010 for a $26,000 refurbishment and was reinstalled in November.

For more photos of city hall's early days:
510 Main Street Winnipeg Architecture Foundation
Winnipeg Civic Centre 1964 - 2014 Exhibit Winnipeg Architecture Foundation
510 Main Street Winnipeg Building Index

 Civic Centre 60s
 Civic Centre

Saturday, September 6, 2014

45 Lily Street - Daniel McDonald House

Place: D. McDonald House
Address: 45 Lily Street (Map)
Architect: Unknown
Contractor: Unknown


(Source: MHS)

This house was built in 1883 for Daniel McDonald, son of John Kay MacDonald, (yes, their last names were spelled differently), president of the Confederation Life Insurance Company. Daniel was a Scottish immigrant, a farmer and a teacher in Ontario before joining the company in 1879. In 1883 he came to establish and manage its Western Canadian office.

The architect and contractor of the house are unknown. It is one of only a half-dozen remaining Queen Anne-style homes with a side turret in Winnipeg, (another is 545 Broadway - Wilson House.)

At the time, of course, there was no Disraeli Freeway. Lily Street was part of quiet, residential Point Douglas, all but a couple of its houses are now demolished. (For more on early Lily Street see this post from The Common.)

Top: ca. (source: Peel's)
Bottom: May 17, 1911, Winnipeg Tribune

Confederation Life’s first offices were just a short walk away at the Biggs Block, at 467 Main Street. It was under McDonald's tenure that the Biggs Block was demolished and the Confederation Life Building built in its place.

The McDonald family consisted of wife Isabelle and seven children, six sons and a daughter. A number of them died early, Isabelle in 1893, for instance. The 1901 and 1906 censuses list only Donald, son Benjamin (1861) and daughter Elizabeth (1866), as living at the house. McDonald's obituary in 1916 lists those two children and another son, John of San Fransisco, as surviving him.

Source: MHS

One son who died early was Donald McDonald. In 1911 he stopped a runaway horse on a city street. He brought the animal to a halt but was struck by an oncoming wagon and seriously injured. McDonald, a 25 year veteran of the Winnipeg Fire Department where he worked as an engineer, moved into his father's home to recover, but never did. He was diagnosed with cancer, (a newspaper article at the time of his death blamed the accident for the disease.) He died there 11 months later, on August 8, 1912. 

Daniel McDonald retired in 1915 and died on June 24, 1918 and is buried at St. James Cemetery.

July 6, 1942, Winnipeg Free Press

Soon after his death, the house was sold off and run as a rooming from 1920 until the late 1940s with between 6 and 8 tenants at a time. There appear to have been a number of owners. 

In 1942 the house came up for sale and was purchased by Mike Zapora, a carpenter. During his time there, maybe three years, it was him and just one other tenant. (The McDonald's always had a live-in maid so the house could have been reverted back to its original configuration.)

July 25, 2004, Winnipeg Free Press

Around 1950 Ted and Janina Drapala purchased the house. Ted was a carpenter and construction worker. The couple raised six children there. It appears that the family still rented out at least a couple of rooms to elderly gentlemen. In the 1960s there was Howard Armstrong and Yee Mah, in the 1970s Cheung Wong.

In 2004 a man broke into the house demanding money. He assaulted Mr. Drapala, 80, a number of times before jumping through the front window to escape empty-handed. It appears that the Drapalas are still alive.

Aside from the 2004 incident, the Trib and Free Press archives indicate that the house had a quiet existence, with no mentions of fires or major crimes taking place there.

45 Lily Street

My photo album of 45 Lily Street
45 Lily Street Historical Buildings Committee
Lily Street 1911 The Common